|Experimental Generation of ELF Radio Signals Using a Rotating Magnet
|Year of Publication
|Burch, H. C., A. Garraud, M. F. Mitchell, R. C. Moore, and D. P. Arnold
|IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
|6265 - 6272
This paper presents a simple, compact, and low-power method for generating extremely low-frequency radio signals below ~500 Hz. This paper is motivated by the prohibitively large size and low efficiency of conventional antennas operating in this frequency range. The successful generation of time-varying magnetic fields produced by the physical rotation of a 3 cm 3 permanent magnet is demonstrated. Ground plane and receiver orientation effects are analyzed both theoretically and experimentally. Observations as a function of distance from the source indicate that the fields are dominated by the static component, rather than by the radiation component, of the generated field. Based on these observations, the electromagnetic radiation emitted by a spinning magnet source is predicted to be weak. Nevertheless, static magnetic signaling using this technique is proven to be both possible and practical at frequencies below ~500 Hz and at distances in excess of 100 m.
|IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat.