|Title||An Analytical Electroacoustic Model of a Piezoelectric Composite Circular Plate|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2006|
|Authors||Prasad, S., Q. Gallas, S. Horowitz, B. Homeijer, B. V. Sankar, L. Cattafesta, and M. Sheplak|
This paper presents an analytical two-port, lumped-element model of a piezoelectric composite circular plate. In particular, the individual components of a piezoelectric unimorph transducer are modeled as lumped elements of an equivalent electrical circuit using conjugate power variables. The transverse static de?ection ?eld as a function of pressure and voltage loading is determined to synthesize the two-port dynamic model. Classical laminated plate theory is used to derive the equations of equilibrium for clamped circular laminated plates containing one or more piezoelectric layers. A closed-form solution is obtained for a unimorph device in which the diameter of the piezoelectric layer is less than that of the shim. Methods to estimate the model parameters are discussed, and model veri?cation via ?nite-element analyses and experiments is presented. The results indicate that the resulting lumped- element model provides a reasonable prediction (within 3%) of the measured response to voltage loading and the natural frequency, thus enabling design optimization of unimorph piezoelectric transducers.