|Title||An implantable integrated low-power amplifier-microelectrode array for brain-machine interfaces|
|Publication Type||Conference Paper|
|Year of Publication||2010|
|Authors||Patrick, E., V. Sankar, W. Rowe, J. C. Sanchez, and T. Nishida|
|Conference Name||IEEE 32nd Annual International Conference of the Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society|
|Conference Location||Buenos Aires, Argentina|
One of the important challenges in designing Brain-Machine Interfaces (BMI) is to build implantable systems that have the ability to reliably process the activity of large ensembles of cortical neurons. In this paper, we report the design, fabrication, and testing of a polyimide-based microelectrode array integrated with a low-power amplifier as part of the Florida Wireless Integrated Recording Electrode (FWIRE) project at the University of Florida developing a fully implantable neural recording system for BMI applications. The electrode array was fabricated using planar micromachining MEMS processes and hybrid packaged with the amplifier die using a flip-chip bonding technique. The system was tested both on bench and in-vivo. Actute and chronic neural recordings were obtained from a rodent for a period of 42 days. The electrode-amplifier performance was analyzed over the chronic recording period with the observation of a noise floor of 4.5 uVrms, and an average signal-to-noise ratio of 3.8.
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