|Title||Covariance-Based Approaches to Aeroacoustic Noise Source Analysis|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2010|
|Authors||Du, L., L. Xu, J. Li, B. Guo, P. Stoica, C. Bahr, and L. Cattafesta|
|Journal||Journal of the Acoustical Society of America|
In this paper, several covariance-based approaches are proposed for aeroacoustic noise source analysis under the assumptions of a single dominant source and all observers contaminated solely by uncorrelated noise. The Cramer-Rao Bounds (CRB) of the unbiased source power estimates are also derived. The proposed methods are evaluated using both simulated data as well as data acquired from an airfoil trailing edge noise experiment in an open-jet aeroacoustic facility. The numerical examples show that the covariance-based algorithms significantly outperform an existing least-squares approach and provide accurate power estimates even under low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) conditions. Furthermore, the mean-squared-errors (MSEs) of the so-obtained estimates are close to the corresponding CRB especially for a large number of data samples. The experimental results show that the power estimates of the proposed approaches are consistent with one another as long as the core analysis assumptions are obeyed.