|Title||A Voltage-Multiplying Self-Powered AC/DC Converter with 0.35 V Minimum Input Voltage for Energy Harvesting Applications|
|Publication Type||Conference Paper|
|Year of Publication||2011|
|Authors||Cheng, S., R. Sathe, R. D. Natarajan, and D. P. Arnold|
|Conference Name||Applied Power Electronics Conf. & Exposition (APEC 2011)|
|Conference Location||Fort Worth, TX|
This paper demonstrates a highly efficient, low-voltage ac/dc converter usinga voltage multiplier (octupler) circuit architecture intended for vibrational energy harvesting applications where a low-voltage ac waveform is used to charge a battery. The circuit employs output-powered active diodes and does not require any external power supply or startup circuitry. The circuit rectifies and boosts input ac voltages in the range of 0.35-2 V and 20-500 Hz to a dcvoltage output that is ~8 times higher than the input amplitude. The circuit can cold-start from an input voltage of 0.5 V or higher, providing an outputvoltage sufficient to charge a 3.7 V lithium ion battery. Once started, the circuit can maintain operation at input voltage amplitudes as low as 0.35 V. Over 80% efficiency is achieved from 20 Hz to 100 Hz, with output power ranging from a few microwatts to one milliwatt. Furthermore, in testing withan actual electrodynamic (magnetic) vibrational energy harvester that generates >;0.5 V ac output, the circuit delivers power to a lithium-ion battery with an efficiency of >;80%.