Measurement of Phased Array Point Spread Functions for use with Beamforming

TitleMeasurement of Phased Array Point Spread Functions for use with Beamforming
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsBahr, C., N. Zawodny, B. Bertolucci, K. Woolwine, F. Liu, J. Li, M. Sheplak, and L. Cattafesta
Conference Name17th AIAA/CEAS Aeroacoustics Conference
Date PublishedJune, 2011
Conference LocationPortland, OR
Other NumbersAIAA 2011-2767
Keywordsaeroacoustics, beamforming

Microphone arrays can be used to localize and estimate the strengths of acoustic sources present in a region of interest. However, the array measurement of a region, or beam map, is not an accurate representation of the acoustic field in that region. The true acoustic field is convolved with the array’s sampling response, or point spread function (PSF). Many techniques exist to remove the PSF’s effect on the beam map via deconvolution. Currently these methods use a theoretical estimate of the array point spread function and perhaps account for installation offsets via determination of the microphone locations. This methodology fails to account for any reflections or scattering in the measurement setup and still requires both microphone magnitude and phase calibration, as well as a separate shear layer correction in an open-jet facility. The research presented seeks to investigate direct measurement of the array’s PSF using a non-intrusive acoustic point source generated by a pulsed laser system. Experimental PSFs of the array are computed for different conditions to evaluate features such as shift-invariance, shear layers and model presence. Results show that experimental measurements trend with theory with regard to source offset. The source shows expected behavior due to shear layer refraction when observed in a flow, and application of a measured PSF to NACA 0012 aeroacoustic trailing-edge noise data shows a promising alternative to a classic shear layer correction method.

Refereed DesignationNon-Refereed